Southeast Regional Railroads of the 1930's - 1940's
Atlanta and West Point Railroad
Western Railway of Alabama
Georgia Railroad


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The Atlanta and West Point Railroad was a short 87 mile railroad that ran west from Atlanta to West Point, Georgia where it joined with the Western Railway of Alabama. The WRofA ran from West Point to Montgomery, Alabama, a distance of 88 miles and on to Selma, Alabama, another 50 miles.
These two roads operated as a unit and became a key link in the South's 1200-mile through route from the Potomac River at Alexandria, via the Pennsylvania and the Southern to Atlanta, and from Montgomery, Alabama to the Gulf at Mobile and New Orleans, via the L&N. The A&WP and ARofA were a major impetus to Atlanta's emergence as a rail center.
A&WP/WRofA/G
Timetable
September 25 1937
The Georgia Railroad ran from Atlanta, 171 miles east to Augusta, Georgia where it connected to the Atlantic Coast Line to reach Wilmington and Charleston, thus increasing the value of Atlanta as a rail center. The Georgia Railroad also had branches off it's main from Augusta to Macon and Athens, Georgia.
In the 30's and 40's the A&WP and WRofA handled major name trains from New York and Washington to New Orleans, the "Crescent" and the "Piedmont".

History of the Atlanta and West Point Railroad, The Western Railway of Alabama,
and the Georgia Railroad


Atlanta and West Point Railroad
1847 - The Atlanta & LaGrange Rail Road chartered.
1854 - A&LG completed 80 miles from East Point, about six miles southwest of Atlanta, to LaGrange and West Point.
1857 - A&LG renamed the Atlanta & West Point Railroad.
1857-1889 - A&WP entered Atlanta on tracks of the Macon & Western Railroad (later Central of Georgia). Much of the early investment in the line came from the Georgia Railroad & Banking Company, an Augusta company whose railroads between Augusta, Athens, and Atlanta were among the states earliest.
1881 - CofG leased the Georgia Railroad and with it the Georgia’s interests in the WRofA and the Atlanta and West Point. The lease was then assigned jointly to the C of G and the L&N.
1880's - Grr&Banking obtains controlling interest in A&WP and substantial interest in WRofA, forming a jointly managed system.
1889 - A&WP completes 6 miles from East Point to Atlanta.
Western Railway of Alabama
1832 - Montgomery Railroad chartered to build line from Montgomery, Alabama to the Chattahoochee River across from Columbus.
1834 - Eastern terminus changed to West Point, Georgia.
1840 - First 12 miles east from Montgomery completed.
1842 - MRR foreclosure sale, and reorganization as Montgomery and West Point Railroad.
1851 - M&WP completed from Montgomery to West Point.
1852-56 - A branch to Columbus from the main line at Opelika was constructed.
1854 - M&WP owners soon turned their attention to building a western line to Selma. To further this effort, in 1854 they established the new Western Rail Road Company of Alabama and consolidated the M&WP into the new company.
1870 - . The M&WP line was finally constructed to Selma and the WRofA consolidation was completed.
1875 - The Georgia Railroad and Central of Georgia jointly purchased the WR of A.
1881, Cof G leased the Georgia Railroad and with it the Georgia’s interests in the WR of A and the Atlanta and West Point. The lease was then assigned jointly to the C of G and the L&N.
1880's - Grr&Banking obtains controlling interest in A&WP and substantial interest in WRofA, forming a jointly managed system.
1882 - The Columbus and Western Railway subsidiary of the C of G acquired the WRofA’s Columbus-Opelika branch. This line eventually became part of the Central of Georgia's Columbus-Birmingham branch.
West Point Route (A&WP and WRofA)
post 1903 - A&WP and Western Railway of Alabama operated jointly with nickname of West Point Route. It became a key link in the South's 1200-mile through route from the Potomac River at Alexandria to the Gulf at Mobile and a major impetus to Atlanta's emergence as a rail center.
Georgia Railroad and Banking Company
1833 - Originally chartered in Augusta, Georgia to build a railroad from Augusta to Athens with a branch to Madison.
1835 - Charter changed to include banking.
1841 - The 39 mile Athens branch completed and operated with horse drawn carts.
1845 - Atlanta branch completed, and the 171 mile Augusta-Atlanta segment becomes the main line. It was also a key link in a through line from Charleston to Memphis formed by the Georgia, the South Carolina Railroad, the Western & Atlantic, and the Memphis & Charleston.
1847 - Steam engines first used.
1873 - The 78-mile branch line between Camak and Macon, completed by the Macon and Augusta Railroad.
1878 - M&A merged into the Georgia.
1881 - The president of the Central Railroad and Banking Company of Georgia, Colonel William M. Wadley, personally leased the railroad properties of the Georgia Railroad and Banking Company, including the A&WP and WRofA. Wadley assigned half of the lease to the Central and half to the L&N.
1887 - Lines converted from 5 ft. to standard gauge.
1897 - Following the panic of 1897, the Central went into receivership and its portion of the Georgia lease lapsed, whereupon it was eventually reassigned to the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad.
The Combined Three Railroads
1902, the ACL acquired controlling interest in the L&N and thus the Georgia, A&WP and WRofA became non-operating subsidiaries of the ACL under a common management group but maintaining individual names.
1960's - Passenger service ceased.
1972 - A&WP/WRofA/Georgia merged into Family Lines System, (L&N/Clinch./SCL). Georgia Railroad maintains separate identity.
1982 - Family Lines System name changed to CSX-Seaboard System and Georgia Railroad identity is lost.
1986 - CSX formed from CSX-Seaboard and C&O/B&O merger.
Current - A&WP/WRofA/Georgia tracks still used for freight service.

A&WP/WRofA/G Map
Atlanta and West Point Railroad
Western Railway of Alabama
Georgia Railroad - 1937


Our Sources
Private Collection of Richard R. Parks(rp)
Wikipedia the free Encyclopedia [web](wik)
Official Guide- Various editions
http://railga.com/georgia.html (Georgia RR)
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Web Page Written and Maintained by Richard Parks
Copyright © Richard Parks, April 22, 2009, revised April 16, 2011