A Canadian Regional Railroad of the 1930's - 1940's
Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway
Ontario Northland Railway - 1946


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The Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway was the pre-1946 name for the current Ontario Northland Railway (ONR) which is a Canadian railway operated as a provincial Crown agency of the Government of Ontario through the Ontario Northland Transportation Commission. Its north-south mainline has a southern terminus at North Bay, passing through Cochrane, and a northern terminus at Moosonee, several miles south of the shore of James Bay, all in the province of Ontario. An east-west secondary mainline connects Calstock (near Hearst) with Cochrane and a line extends from Swastika (south of Cochrane) into the neighboring province of Quebec where it terminates at Rouyn-Noranda. The railway's 40 kilometers of track in Quebec are operated by a subsidiary, the Nipissing Central Railway.
Originally built to develop the Lake Timiskaming and Lake Nipissing areas, this railway soon became a major factor in the economic growth of the province. After decades of hard construction through the Canadian Shield it reached James Bay in 1932. While blasting the route through the shield, geologists discovered vast deposits of valuable minerals such as gold, silver, copper and nickel. The railway also made it possible to exploit the vast timber resources of Northern Ontario. The importance of the ONR is witnessed by the vast increase in mineral exploration and exploitation, giving rise to the valuable mining stocks on the Toronto Stock Exchange and indirectly leading to Southern Ontario's economic boom during the 1970s. (wik) In the 30's and 40's and up until modern times the TNO and ONR provided passenger services up aand down the Line from North Bay and Cochrane and on to Moosonee on James Bay, as well as on it's branch lines.(rp) Passenger trains operate over a single track route and the Northlander sometimes arrives late at either Toronto or Cochrane as a result of freight train congestion. Southbound passengers on the Northlander are recommended to have a time buffer for any transfers to other trains at Union Station. The "{Polar Bear Express" now operates 6 days a week from Cochrane to Moosonee. The "Dream Catcher Express" from North Bay to Temagami, is a summer excursion service. One of the ON's freight cars is a "canoe" car: equipped to carry 18 canoes. The car runs from Cochrane to Moosonee. Canoeists can put their canoe on this car as part of their baggage. It is the only known train car specifically designed for transporting canoes and kayaks.(wik)
T&NO42
Temiskaming and
Northern Ontario
June 25, 1944
ON 1949
Ontario Northland
October 30, 1949
ON 1967
Ontario Northland
Ju;y-October 1967

When the name changed in 1946 the timetables used the same multi colored cover format. By 1967 simplicity had set in.


Brief history of the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway (Northern Ontario Railway - 1946)

Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway
1902- The Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway incorporated by an act of the Ontario parliament, the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway Act. The railway was to be a provincial Crown corporation overseen by the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway Commission.
1903 - Construction on the railway started,
1905 - TNO reached New Liskeard, in the Lake Timiskaming area - mille 114.
cir 1905 - . As it passed by Long Lake, near the 103 mile marker, the largest silver rush in Canada was sparked by workers looking for trees for railway ties. The town of Cobalt, Ontario grew out of the fortunes of silver taken from the grounds.
1906 - The railway reached Englehart - mile 140.
1909 - Cochrane reached - mile 254.
post 1909 - Several branch lines were built.
1921 - Construction on a line north to James Bay was started.
1923 - The new Conservative premier of Ontario, Howard Ferguson, halted further construction. Line terminated at Fraserdale, near Abitibi Canyon, where a hydroelectric dam was being built on the Abitibi River, 323 miles from North Bay.
1928-30 - TNO extended north at a slow pace.
1930-32 - Construction quickens as depression job source and reaches James Bay (440 miles from North Bay)at mouth of Moose River, near the old trading post of Revillon Frères. It was named Moosonee, from the Cree meaning "at the moose".
1946 - Name changed to Ontario Northland Railway (ONR).
Ontario Northland Railway
1955-1967 - ONR builds spurs to new mines.
1955 - Sherman Mine in Temagami was opened.
1963 - Adams Mine in Kirkland Lake opened.
1967 - Kidd Creek Mine in Timmins opened.
1988 - Canadian National abandons north main line from Calstock to Nakina.
1993 - CN line from Calstock to Cochrane sold to ONR.
2002-03 - CN plans to absorb ONR fails.
2005 - CN and ONR signed a routing agreement in which ONR would transport CN's freight traffic that travels between Noranda and either Hearst or North Bay.

Our Sources
Private Collection of Richard R. Parks(rp)
Wikipedia the free Encyclopedia [web](wik)
Official Guide- April 1940 W
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Web Page Written and Maintained by Richard Parks
Copyright © Richard Parks, April 30, 2009, revised Sept. 24, 2011