A Southwestern Railroad - 1930's - 1940's
Texas Mexican Railway


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The Texas Mexican Railway(TM)) was a short line railway running 161 miles between Laredo and Corpus Christie, Texas. It is often referred to as the Tex-Mex, or TexMex Railway. The TM started, in 1877, as a line west from Corpus Christi to serve the sheep ranching country of southern Texas. It expanded to Laredo, Texas in 1881 and constructed a bridge over the Rio Grande River connecting to Mexico in 1883. It became a vital link for traffic from Mexico to the US, In the 30's it operated a daily passenger train between Laredo and Corpus Christi with connections to Houston, Texas and Monterey, Mexico. It was one of the first railways to dieselize, having done so by 1947. On January 1, 2005, Kansas City Southern (KCS) took control of the Texas Mexican Railway and the U.S. portion of the Texas-Mexican Railway International Bridge in Laredo, Texas. The railroad is a vital link in KCS's rail network, connecting The KCS and TFM, S.A. de C.V. While Tex-Mex remains a separate legal entity, KCS and Tex-Mex are operated as one railroad.
TM logo

Short History of the Texas Mexican Railway
1875 - Chartered in March 1875, the Corpus Christi, San Diego and Rio Grande Narrow Gauge Railroad built a 3-foot gauge line west from Corpus Christi, Texas.
1875-77 - Line built to Rancho Banquete, Texas
1879 - CCSD&RG reaches San Diego, Texas. This 52-mile line's main purpose was to take domestic sheep from Texas ranches to the shores of the Gulf of Mexico, and received some funding from Richard King and Mifflin Kennedy.
1881 - The line was sold to a syndicate that included William J. Palmer and it was given a new charter as the Texas Mexican Railway (TM). Under this document, the line was built an additional 109 miles to Laredo, Texas.
1881 - The charter also allowed expansion to several east & northeast Texas cities, which would have made the TM a 1400 mile system, but the extensions were never built. One small railroad, the Galveston, Brazos and Colorado, was purchased, but never connected to the TM.
1883 - A bridge was built across the Rio Grande River to Nuevo Laredo, making the Tex Mex the first Mexican-American rail connection, although it was not until 1889 that the North American rail system connected Mexico with Canada.
1900-1982 - TM is under control of Mexican Government.
1902 - TM becomes standard gaufe.
1906 - TMt bought the Texas Mexican Northern Railway.
1930 - TM bought the San Diego and Gulf Railway.
1931 - TM operates one daily passenger train between Laredo and Corpus Christi, with connections to the SP to Houston, and the National Railways of Mexico to Monterey.
1938-39 - TM installs seven Whitcomb Locomotive Works diesel locomotives.
1940 - TM begins operating a 19 mile government railroad from Corpus Christi to a naval air station.
1945-47 - TM is dieselized and is likely one of the first US railroads to do so.
1982 -- Privatization results in TM being part of Grupo TMM.
1995 - The expanding KCS bought 49 percent of Tex Mex.
1997,- The Surface Transportation Board granted trackage rights to the Tex Mex to connect to the KCS at Beaumont, Texas.
1998 - Responding to increased international trade between the US and Mexico, the TM built a large railroad yard and intermodal freight transport facility at Laredo,
2004-5 - KCS takes controlling interest in TexMex.

TEXMEX
Texas Mexiccan - 1931
TEXMEXmap
Texas Mexican - 1931


Our Sources
Private Collection of Richard R. Parks(rp)
Wikipedia the free Encyclopedia [web](wik)
Official Guides- 1943 & 1950

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Copyright Richard Parks, May 1,2009